Introduction to AMRs and AGVs

April 9, 2024
April 9, 2024 Jeffrey Jackson

Introduction to AMRs and AGVs

The advent of Automated Mobile Robots and Automated Guided Vehicles represents a significant shift in the landscape of material handling. These intelligent systems are revolutionizing traditional methods, offering a host of benefits that enhance efficiency, safety, and flexibility in various industries.

AMRs and AGVs are transforming material handling through their autonomous operation. These robotic systems can navigate through dynamic environments by themselves. Equipped with advanced sensors and sophisticated algorithms, they perceive their surroundings in real-time, making decisions to avoid obstacles and optimize routes, successfully adapting to changes along the way.

OTTO's Lifter and Jtec Industries' Dual Powered Roller Attachment

How They Work

Equipped with an array of sensors, AMRs and AGVs are able perceive their environment in real-time. Using this sensory data (from LiDAR, cameras, and proximity sensors) they create detailed maps of their surroundings and identify obstacles, pathways, and reference points. These techniques allow the vehicles to localize themselves within the environment accurately and navigate autonomously without the need for external guidance systems. Navigation algorithms process this information to determine the vehicle’s position and plan optimal routes to reach designated destinations. All of these algorithms incorporate obstacle avoidance: stopping when there is an object in its path. Other autonomous technology contains path optimization, which scans surrounding areas and finds a new path to its destination.

Additionally, onboard control systems manage vehicle motion, speed, and interactions with the environment. These systems coordinate actions such as acceleration, deceleration, turning, and stopping, ensuring smooth and precise movement throughout the material handling process.

All of these features combined provide an invaluable upgrade to your material handling process. Together, this technology increases safety and greatly enhance efficiency and productivity.

What are the differences?

There are a handful of different types of automated robots and vehicles. Over the years, the terminology has become cloudy, making the search for the right robot sometimes difficult without help. Traditionally, AGVs are not equipped with the complex software that allows them to navigate around obstacles. When something is in the way, it stops and sounds an alarm so that a person can clear the path. In contrast, AMRs can assess the spatial situation and go around obstacles without manual intervention.

However, it is becoming less obvious which is which at a glance. It is extremely important to understand how automation works and what options are out there so that you can make an educated decision as to what will work best for your company. We can help you through this process.

A common automated vehicle on the market is the automated tow tractor, which autonomously pulls a train of material handling carts behind it, such as our CarryMore cart selection. Automated forklifts are also popular; these can autonomously transport pallets around the warehouse and even lift pallets into vertical storage.

AMRs are able to be equipped with a large variety of different attachments, such as our automated Powered Roller. These attachments can accept material from roller stations (at any stage of product development) and transport them, hands-free, to the next.

The automation industry is advancing fast, and it is understandably becoming quite elaborate. Jtec Industries is here to help you navigate this growing world. Whether choosing an AMR or an AGV, we have products that can be seamlessly integrated into your process, and we will help you every step of the way.


AMRs and AGVs are revolutionizing material handling by offering unparalleled levels of autonomy, versatility, and safety. As technology continues to advance, the integration of these robotic systems promises to drive further innovation and unlock new possibilities in the realm of material handling. Whether it’s optimizing workflows, improving safety standards, or enhancing flexibility, AMRs and AGVs are poised to shape the future of material handling operations across industries. View our autonomous products or reach out to Jtec below.


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